Spotlight: Nucleoplasty

For more than five decades despite various disadvantages, open nucleotomy has been a beneficial treatment for prolapse of the intervertebral disc. Hence minimally invasive treatment for vertebral disc diseases has increasingly been applied in the last three decades, starting with chemonucleolysis, followed by endoscopic nucleotomy, automated draw-o¤ nucleotomy and percutaneous mechanical nucleotomy. However these methods are…

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